No country locks up more people than the United States of America. Even worse, many of those in prison are innocent. According to The Innocence Project, an important criminal justice advocacy group, below are the four leading causes of wrongful convictions.
1. Eye Witness Misidentification is the single greatest cause of wrongful convictions. We know this because later found DNA evidence often proves a witness’s testimony to be inaccurate. Usually, eye witnesses are not trying to lie, but perhaps after viewing a lineup of suspects, they feel pressured to make a choice and then stick to it. Or sometimes, a case is very old, and it’s difficult for a witness to remember exactly how the defendant appeared and to know how they’d appear now. Still, confident eye witness testimony can be very convincing to jurors even though we all know memory is flawed.
2. Improper Forensics is another contributing factor. If a seemingly credible expert gets on the stand and spouts out questionable science, juries are likely to trust them. Further, the mishandling of scientific evidence can lead to major problems. Take for instance when mistakes at the DNA Lab in Austin put the credibility of nearly 5,000 convictions in question. Though forensic science has come a long way, it’s still administered and analyzed by people. Therefore, there is room for major error.
3. False confessions are another huge problem. It can be hard to believe, but many innocent people confess to crimes they did not commit. This is especially true with children, adolescents, and those with mental disabilities. Why do innocent people admit guilt? The reasons vary, but duress, coercion, confusion, or fear of a harsher sentence if they don’t plea are some of the most common reasons.
4. Incentivized Informants/Snitches is the fourth leading cause of wrongful convictions, and it’s easy to understand why. If a witness is paid to testify or is offered something in exchange, such as release from prison or a reduced sentence, their information is less credible. The informant is motivated to say what the prosecution wants to hear.
Many other factors contribute to wrongful convictions, such as ineffective legal assistance, false reporting, and withheld evidence. The best way to avoid a wrongful conviction is to have a zealous criminal defense attorney by your side from the beginning. That said, if you do find yourself or a loved one wrongfully convicted, don’t lose hope. An experienced post-conviction appellate lawyer can still help. Though overturning a conviction is an uphill battle, it does happen. Chris Perri Law has successfully reversed convictions through both Appeals and Writs.
Whether you’ve just been arrested or just been sentenced, call Chris Perri Law at (512) 917-4378 to discuss your legal options.